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Using busybox digital short cut Download using busybox digital short cut or read online About Digital Short Cuts 3 Sample: I love this format. For about 10 bucks, you can get a PDF-only copy of a page book. To me, Short Cuts are almost perfect they re timely, useful, and a great value. PTG has a relationship with an authoring community like no other publishing house. Industry experts develop the leading print books for us today and PTG applies the same care to our digital products as we do to any of our printed books.
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Copying is limited to 30 pages every 30 days in order to limit piracy risks. Digital Short Cuts use a horizontal or landscape page layout for better viewing on computer monitors. This publication is protected by copyright. This is explained more fully in Chapter 9. Next we launch the system loggers as early as possible, to capture any startup problems.
Following the system log daemons, we configure the local loopback interface for the system. Again, a number of traditional Linux facilities assume that a loopback interface is present, and if your system has support for sockets configured, you should enable this pseudo interface. The last thing we do before starting a shell is launch the Internet superserver xinetd. This program sits in the background listening for network requests on any configured network interfaces.
For example, to initiate a telnet session to the board, xinetd intercepts the request for telnet connection and spawns a telnet server to handle the session.
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Instead of starting a shell, your own applications can be launched from this rcs initialization script. Listing is a simple example of a Telnet-enabled target board running basic services such as system and kernel loggers BusyBox Target Installation The discussion of BusyBox installation can proceed only when you understand the use and purpose of symlinks.
The BusyBox makefile contains a target called install. Executing make install creates a directory structure containing the busybox executable and a symlink tree. This environment needs to be migrated to your target embedded system s root directory, complete with the symlink tree. The symlink tree eliminates the need to type busybox command for each command.
Instead, to see a listing of files in a given directory, the user need only type ls. The symlink executes busybox as described previously and invokes the ls functionality. Review Listing and Listing to see the symlink tree. Note that the BusyBox build system creates links only for the functionality that you have enabled via the configuration utility. Listing shows the procedure. This difference is large enough that you can t just write a simple wrapper like you can for XMLHttpRequest. If you need cross-browser support, you ll need to rely on a library like Sarissa instead. XSLT can also be problematic simply due to its complexity.
Not only will you need to learn how to write the XSLT style sheets that drive the actual transformation, but you ll also need to learn XPath, which is used to refer to XML nodes inside the style sheet. Although the purpose of this book isn t to teach you how to write an XSLT style, I will explain the basics of the one used.
On line 7, we create an HttpClient instance; this will be used to load both the style sheet and the XML files we re going to transform; on line 8, we set isasync to true because we will be making only asynchronous requests. Unfortunately, the method to enable it is not yet uniform across all architectures and implementations.
In general, KGDB is enabled by passing a command-line switch to the kernel via the kernel command line. If KGDB support is compiled into the kernel but not enabled via a command-line switch, it does nothing. Figure shows the logic for generating an initial breakpoint when KGDB is enabled. KGDB requires a serial port for connection to the host. In many architectures, the hardware UART must be mapped into kernel memory before access.
After the address range is mapped, the serial port is initialized. Debug trap handlers are installed to allow processor exceptions to trap into the debugger.
Listing displays the terminal output when booting with KGDB enabled. OK Uncompressing Kernel Image This kernel boot sequence has two unique features: Recall from Chapter 7 that the kernel command line is defined by the U-Boot bootargs environment variable. Notice that we have added the gdb parameter, which instructs the kernel to force an early breakpoint and wait for the host debugger your cross-gdb to connect. This is a fairly easy, if not overly intuitive, task, as there s no quick and easy print button or function. Instead, here s what you need to do: This opens a new browser window that contains just the spreadsheet, no other buttons or controls, as shown in Figure It s this window that you want to print.
Switch to the new browser window, then click the Print button in your web browser. Sharing and Collaborating with Google Spreadsheets The truly unique feature of Google Spreadsheets is the capability to share a spreadsheet with others either for viewing or for collaborative editing. The only hitch to this process is that anyone you wish to share with must have their own Google Account to access the Google Spreadsheets site. That said, you can easily invite another users to create his or own new Google Account.
The only requirement is that anyone you invite to share your spreadsheet have their own Google Account. The contents of the new browser window that is, your spreadsheet data will now print. This lets other users view your spreadsheet but doesn t give them access to add or edit data.
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It s a read-only process. To share a spreadsheet for viewing, follow these steps: From a saved spreadsheet, click the Show Sharing Options link; this opens the sharing pane, shown in Figure In the Invite People to View box, enter the addresses of the people you want to share the spreadsheet. Separate multiple addresses with commas. Click the Invite People button. This opens an Invitation window, like the one shown in Figure Enter a personal message if you like, and then click the Send Invitation button.
Your recipients now receive an invitation via. The invitation contains a link to the spreadsheet; clicking this link opens the spreadsheet in a new browser window. Figure 41 Getting ready to share a spreadsheet. Anyone viewing your spreadsheet can not only navigate around the entire file including multiple sheets within the spreadsheet file , but also save that file to their personal Google Spreadsheets online storage area or as an XLS-format file to their own PC.
While viewing, other users will see the current work in progress; as soon as you press Enter when editing a cell, the edited contents will appear on the other users screens. They can t see the in-progress contents of the cell while you re editing the cell, however. This can create havoc if both users try to make changes to the same data or aren t aware of the other changes being made. For this reason, you should always use caution while collaboratively editing a spreadsheet.
To share a spreadsheet for collaboration, follow these steps: From a saved spreadsheet, click the Show Sharing Options link; this opens the sharing pane. Figure 42 Inviting another user to share a spreadsheet. Sharing a Spreadsheet for Collaboration When you invite someone to view a spreadsheet, that s all they can do; they can navigate around the spreadsheet, but they can t add to or edit any of the data within the spreadsheet.
In the Invite People to Edit box, enter the addresses of the people with whom you want to collaborate. This opens an Invitation window. In fact, multiple users can edit the spreadsheet at the same time; each person s edits appear on all the other users screens as soon as they press the Enter key when editing a cell. Chatting with Spreadsheet Viewers As you can see in Figure 43, the view spreadsheet window that other users see includes a chat pane. This lets your viewers chat with you, in real time, while they re viewing your spreadsheet. To view the chat pane in your own spreadsheet window, simply click the Chat With link at the top right of the window.
You can close the chat pane at any time by clicking the resulting Hide Chat link. While chatting, you enter your comments in the bottom text box. When you press Enter, your comments are sent to the other users and appear in the main text box in the chat pane. Rescinding Access If, at any time, you want to block a user from viewing or editing your spreadsheet, here s what to do: Wellington Refactoring to Agility by Carol A.
Each has a community, a variety of practices, and a list of successful applications of those practices. With a few notable exceptions, there is very little overlap between these categories.
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This gives the appearance that agility is a binary attribute. However, agility is not an all-ornothing affair that we can achieve through a single change in the development process. Instead of asking, Are we agile? Within its community, agility has been defined as the ability to both create and respond to change. This length of time is known in Lean Software Development as cycle time. In general, agile methods advocate releasing new functionality in fixed-length iterations, and the iteration length defines their cycle time.
Refactoring to Agility by Carol A. Wellington ISBN is the most significant difference between agile and plan-driven methods: Plan-driven and ad hoc methodologies define the length of time between releases by the functionality they want to be included in the release. As a result, releases are not of a fixed length, so they do not have a consistent cycle time.
However, as a starting point, every process has a possibly variable cycle time and therefore some possibly low degree of agility.
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With this perspective, agility is not a binary attribute and does not mandate a dramatic change in your process today. The current process has some degree of agility though it may be slow and unstable and defines a starting point on the path to improved agility. The challenge is to maximize the strengths of the current process and to make changes to that process in a disciplined manner with specific goals in mind. Having acknowledged that there are degrees of agility, the relevant questions change significantly.
Increasing an organization s agility requires an investment that may be non-trivial and brings a certain amount of risk. The cost of change must be weighed against the benefits, including any reduction in development risks, to ensure the long-term viability of the organization. It is only beneficial to pursue agility in cases where increasing agility increases the capabilities of the organization. These decisions will require that we define what is needed for long-term viability and specify how to measure our progress toward that goal.
Fully embracing an agile methodology requires changing the way engineers allocate their time and how they approach all software development activities. Wellington ISBN The management mechanisms and the techniques and strategies for developing software differ dramatically from plan-driven mechanisms.
Therefore, effectively using an agile methodology requires new skills for the engineers, project managers, and the organization as a whole. This means that we also need to consider our organization s ability to achieve agility given its current skill set. So we need to ask, To what degree can we be agile? In general, the changes that agility refers to have been changes in requirements.
Agile processes have been designed for situations when requirements are either not well known or quickly changing. Usually, agile refers to a process, but in a broader sense, agility denotes the ability to deliver functionality in a timely manner and the ability to adjust to externally imposed change. In these terms, change usually means changing requirements, but it can also mean changes in things like technology requirements, assigned personnel, or management. In fact, an organization demonstrates agility, or a lack thereof, in response to a wide variety of changes not just changes in requirements.
For example, a plandriven organization with a solid training and mentoring program may be quite agile when dealing with changes in personnel, but it is unlikely that it will be agile in response to changes in the customer s needs. Similarly, an XP organization may be quite agile when the customer s needs change, but the level of automation and uniqueness of their process may make them less agile in dealing with changes in personnel. For these reasons, we must ask, What kind of agility do we need? The Tip of the Online Gaming Iceberg. If you run this macro, your character can accumulate experience and gold without human intervention.
Notice the pile of dead monsters near the character. Note that running a macro such as this is against the rules and can cause you to be banned from the game. The WoW character s name shown in the code and displayed on the screen in Figure 2 , Xanier, is no secret. Blizzard banned Hoglund s Xanier account just before the character was to reach level In this case, Hoglund was a little too flagrant with his cheating. All the accounts were banned for various reasons.
Virtual bodies pile up as the macro runs all night. Time for another pesky question: Why is farming with a macro cheating? Some argue that Blizzard made the game boring in the first place, so fair is fair. However, there is more to it than this. These games all have a form of play money that players use to buy and sell in-game equipment, items, and other virtual property.
These virtual economies operate by the same complex rules as any real economy. Most MMOs that are sizable have exchange rates between virtual gold and hard currency. Academics have even turned to virtual economies as objects of research. In one early study, academic Edward Castranova determined that the gross domestic product of the MMO EverQuest exceeded that of many real countries, as reported in Walrus magazine: It was the seventy-seventh richest country in the world.
And it didn t even exist. Although Castranova s estimation of EverQuest GDP is probably too high, it is clear that the little worlds of online games do, in fact, create wealth out of nothing. MMOs also suffer from economic instability and other macroeconomic problems just as real economies do. One of the earliest successful MMOs, Ultima Online, experienced massive inflation that led to a currency crisis in It turns out that the inflationary pressure came from an exploit that allowed players to dupe gold that is, create copies of gold pieces from scratch with no work.
Duping is akin to counterfeiting. In any case, groups of academics are using MMOs for research purposes, focusing on which kind of economic model makes the most sense: It turns out that game designers and game minders make critical decisions regarding the economics of their games all the time much like central bankers. Game economies are certainly rich enough that they have spawned an entrepreneurial class of professionals.
One early entrepreneur, Robert Kiblinger, was an Ultima Online player who went on to found UOtreasures UOtreasures is a classic middleman, buying virtual characters and items, and then later reselling them at a profit. In a digital file, information is assembled from a series of 0 and 1 bits. Digital is better than its counterpart called analog in that noise and distortion aren t introduced into the process.
A digital copy, if recorded properly, can be an exact copy of the original. It s impossible to make an exact copy using analog methods. In the audio and video world, music and movies used to be recorded and stored nondigitally. Vinyl records and VHS videotapes are both analog formats. However, with the advent of compact discs CDs and DVDs, music and movies began to be stored digitally. When music and movies are digital, it s easy to incorporate them into the computer environment. To a computer, one digital file is pretty much the same as another.
It s all the same to your PC whether you re saving or copying an MP3 music file or a Word document they re both collections of bits and bytes. Many different file formats store digital audio and video and not all media players are compatible with all formats. Windows Media Player 11 can read and write the majority of today s most popular digital media files.
It s reciprocal incompatibility. Please see page 2 for details. M1V QuickTime versions 2.